Published April 7, 2020
There are a number of reasons pelvic or uterine pain bothers a woman. Among the 12 potential causes of your uterine pain, some are more worrisome than others.
Because the uterus is situated in close proximity to the other organs which comprise the reproductive system, it is often difficult to distinguish the cause of the pain. Be sure to describe the pain and its accompanying symptoms to your physician to gain an appropriate diagnosis.
Fibroids are non-cancerous growths which normally grow on the walls of the uterus. The larger they become, the more symptomatic they can be. Lower back and pelvic pain are common along with the feeling of needing to urinate more often.
When the muscles and ligaments that hold the uterus in place become weakened, the uterus can descend into the bladder. This frequently occurs as a woman ages causing urinary urgency, leaks, and severe pain both during and after sex.
Urinary tract infections caused by bacteria involve symptoms which include cloudy or bloody urine, the urgent need to urinate, foul smelling urine, and lower back pain.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
This condition is triggered by a bacterial infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. It is frequently correlated to a sexually transmitted disease like gonorrhea or chlamydia. Symptoms include chronic pelvic pain, a vaginal discharge, pain during sexual intercourse, and irregular periods.
Polyps are small tissue growths inside the uterus. They cause pain, heavy periods, spotting between periods, and bleeding after sexual intercourse.
Endometriosis occurs when tissues similar to those that grow in lining the uterus begin to develop elsewhere, such as on the ovaries or other pelvic organs. These abnormal tissues can bleed during the menstrual cycle and pain occurs where the tissue has implanted itself. Other symptoms include more painful periods, spotting, painful bowel movements, and a bloated abdomen.
Uterine surgery and radiation can leave adhesions or scars known as Asherman’s Syndrome. Sometimes there are no symptoms, but it can result in light periods, the risk of infertility or miscarriage, and if severe, can result in pain and inflammation of the uterus.
This pain occurs in the middle of the menstrual cycle when ovulation is taking place. It can last just a few minutes or for several days, and it can feel like a cramp or a sharp pain. This condition is also known as mittelschmerz.
Also known as an inflamed bladder, this occurs mostly to women in their 30s and 40s. Symptoms include an urgent need to urinate, frequent urination, and pain in the lower pelvis when delaying urination.
Menorrhagia causes very heavy and painful periods. Prolonged bleeding during the menstrual cycle is also a common symptom. Many times this is due to a pituitary hormonal issue and not a medical problem. Menorrhagia results in a low red blood count, or anemia. Treatment for the anemia along with OTC pain medications usually resolve the issue.
This condition occurs when endometrial tissue grows deep into the uterine muscle. It results in severe pain and very heavy periods.
This situation requires immediate care as it can be life threatening. For an ectopic pregnancy to occur, a fertilized egg must implant itself in the pelvis, abdomen, or fallopian tubes instead of the uterus. It causes severe pain and cramping.
It is always wise to seek emergency care if pelvic pain is sudden, exists on one side, or if you think you could be pregnant. See Perfectly Female for any chronic uterine pain, especially if it has lasted for six months or more.